Perennial Botanical Glossary
Accent plant ~ A species used in a formal
planting or border to enhance contrasts of height, color and leaf shapes.
Aeration ~ The loosening of soil to allow air movement.
Annual ~ A plant that completes it's life cycle in a single growing
Bare root ~ A plant that has no soil on it's roots when acquired.
Compost ~ New soil formed by decomposing waste plant matter.
A broad, domed or flat top flower.
A flat or rounded top flower that branches, with each branch ending in a
flower, with the oldest flower in the center.
Damping off ~ Failure of seedlings or young plants caused by
fungus which roots off the stem at the soil line.
Deadhead ~ Removal of spent flowers to prolong flowering or, to
prevent the spread of seed.
Foliar feeding ~ The application of liquid fertilizer applied
to the foliage of a plant.
A round or globe shaped solid flower.
Harden off ~ To slowly acclimatize new or young plants that
were greenhouse grown before placing outdoors in full sun.
Invasive plant ~ A vigorously growing plant that will quickly overwhelm
native or slower growing plants.
Raceme ~ Long stalked flower stem holding
the flowers high above the plant.
Native plant ~ A species of plant that grows wild in a geographic
Naturalized plant ~ A species of plant that grows wild in a specific
geographic region that has been introduced to a new region, that it was not
previously native to.
Panicle ~ A branched raceme.
Perennial ~ A plant that lives for more than two growing seasons.
Spike ~ Flowers grow upright from a single or main stem above the
Umbel ~ A flat or rounded topped flower in which several
flowers stalks originate from a single point on the plant.
Xerophytic ~ A plant that has adapted to survive in dry conditions.